[vc_row][vc_column][vc_tta_tabs color=”black” spacing=”10″ gap=”10″ alignment=”center” active_section=”1″ css_animation=”rollIn”][vc_tta_section title=”Description” tab_id=”1500389328687-b3b21899-eef0″][vc_column_text]Baclofen is an antispastic muscle relaxant. Researchers don’t know exactly how baclofen works; however, in general, it blocks nerve signals from muscles at the level of the spinal cord and it may also depress the central nervous system.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved baclofen in 1977 under the brand name Lioresal, which was made by Novartis. The FDA approved generic baclofen in the 1980s.
Today, only generic versions of baclofen are available.
A case report published in Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology in 2014 suggested that baclofen might be effective for treating marijuana dependence, particularly for those who have used the drug heavily for a long time. The research also showed that baclofen may help reduce withdrawal symptoms as well as the effects of marijuana.
A separate study, published in the Journal of Neuroscience in 2014, found that baclofen may also help people with drug addiction avoid possible triggers and prevent relapse. The drug works by interfering with the brain’s early response to drug cues.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”Use” tab_id=”1500389328750-d09ab9ad-1d93″][vc_column_text]Baclofen is used to treat muscle spasms caused by certain conditions (such as multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury/disease). It works by helping to relax the muscles.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”How to Take” tab_id=”1500389387696-bdbeacb1-9ee0″][vc_column_text]
Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually 3 times a day. To reduce your risk of side effects, your doctor may direct you to start this medication at a low dose and gradually increase your dose. Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully. The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Do not increase your dose or take it more often than prescribed. Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same times each day. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor. Some conditions may become worse when this drug is suddenly stopped. Also, you may experience withdrawal symptoms such as hallucinations and seizures. To prevent withdrawal reactions, your doctor may reduce your dose gradually. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details, and report any withdrawal reactions right away. It may take 1 to 2 months or longer to get the full benefit from this medication. Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it worsens.
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Drowsiness, dizziness, weakness, tiredness, headache, trouble sleeping, nausea, increased urination, or constipation may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects. Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: mental/mood changes (such as confusion, depression, hallucinations). A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing. This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
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Before taking baclofen, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details. Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney disease, mental/mood disorders (such as schizophrenia), brain disorders (such as seizures, stroke). This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages. Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products). Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially drowsiness and mental/mood changes (such as confusion). During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. This drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
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Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor’s approval. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking other products that cause drowsiness including alcohol, antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine), drugs for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem), other muscle relaxants, and narcotic pain relievers (such as codeine). Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergy or cough-and-cold products) because they may contain ingredients that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.